The Parliament of Azerbaijan, called Milli Majlis, consists of 125 deputies elected based on majority vote, with a term of 5 years for each elected member. The hydrography of Azerbaijan basically belongs to the Caspian Sea basin. Under the Seljuks, local poets such as Nizami Ganjavi and Khaqani gave rise to a blossoming of Persian literature on the territory of present-day Azerbaijan. In the wake of the demise of the Safavid Empire, Baku and its environs were briefly occupied by the Russians as a consequence of the Russo-Persian War of 1722–1723.

[citation needed], Qajar Iran was forced to cede its Caucasian territories to Russia in the 19th century, which thus included the territory of the modern-day Azerbaijan Republic, while as a result of that cession, the Azerbaijani ethnic group is nowadays parted between two nations: Iran and Azerbaijan. Azerbaijani national and traditional dresses are the Chokha and Papakhi. [121] About 67 percent of the species growing in the whole Caucasus can be found in Azerbaijan.

[97] The Azerbaijan National Guard is a further paramilitary force. Major projects such as Heydar Aliyev Cultural Center, Flame Towers, Baku Crystal Hall, Baku White City and SOCAR Tower have transformed the country's skyline and promotes its contemporary identity. Approximately 681,000 people with over 100,000 of them women went to the front, while the total population of Azerbaijan was 3.4 million at the time.

[208][209][210], The Azerbaijan National Aerospace Agency launched its first satellite AzerSat 1 into orbit on 7 February 2013 from Guiana Space Centre in French Guiana at orbital positions 46° East.

Azerbaijan is an ancient countrywith rich history and culture.

Political system According to the 1995 Constitution, Azerbaijan is a republic with a presidential government system. A unique literary style known as qoshma (Azerbaijani: qoşma for improvization) was introduced in this period, and developed by Shah Ismail and later by his son and successor, Shah Tahmasp I. Georgischer Lari • In 1501, the Safavid dynasty of Iran subdued the Shirvanshahs and gained its possessions. [246] Azerbaijani music has a branchy mode system, where chromatization of major and minor scales is of great importance. The previously independent Republic of Aras would also become the Nakhichevan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic within the Azerbaijan SSR by the treaty of Kars. [15][16][17][18], Azerbaijan is a unitary semi-presidential[4] republic. [174], According to World Bank's Doing Business report 2019, Azerbaijan improved its position in the Ease of doing business rank from 57 to 25. [113] The territory of Azerbaijan extends 400 km (249 mi) from north to south, and 500 km (311 mi) from west to east.

[151] Moreover, Azerbaijan includes the Autonomous Republic (muxtar respublika) of Nakhchivan. Türkische Lira • The new banknotes and Azeri Manat symbol, ₼ (), were designed by Robert Kalina in 2006, and the symbol was added to Unicode (U+20BC) in 2013, after failed addition proposals between 2008 and 2011. Business registrations increased by 40% in the first six months. In September 1991, the Armenian majority of the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region seceded to form the Republic of Artsakh. Climatic diversity and fertility of the land are reflected in the national dishes, which are based on fish from the Caspian Sea, local meat (mainly mutton and beef), and an abundance of seasonal vegetables and greens. [194] These activities are regulated by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism of Azerbaijan. [115], The main water sources are surface waters. Azerbaijan made its debut appearance at the 2008 Eurovision Song Contest.

Reprisals against independent journalists and activists persisted both in the country and abroad, while their family members also faced harassment and arrests.

[220], The official language is Azerbaijani, which is a Turkic language.

The word manat is borrowed from the Russian word "moneta" (coin) which is pronounced as "maneta". This led to the launch of a new currency, the new Azerbaijani manat, on 1 January 2006, to cement the economic reforms and erase the vestiges of an unstable economy. The Democratic Republic issued notes in denominations of 25, 50, 100, 250 and 500 manat, whilst the Soviet Socialist Republic issued notes in denominations of 5; 100; 1,000; 5,000; 10,000; 25,000; 50,000; 100,000; 250,000; 1 million and 5 million manat.

Myanmarischer Kyat • [11] A fifth of all Azerbaijanis fought in the Second World War from 1941 to 1945. 2.

It is a national strategy to make tourism a major, if not the single largest, contributor to the Azerbaijani economy. It is also the first Muslim country to havetheater plays and operas. To override the presidential veto, the parliament must have a majority of 95 votes.

Januar 2006 der alte Manat (ISO-Code AZM) durch den neuen Manat (ISO-Code AZN, 1 neuer Manat = 5000 alte Manat) ersetzt. [99][100] Furthermore, an estimated 30,000 people have been killed and more than a million people have been displaced. Malediven-Rupie • Geographically, Azerbaijan is located in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia, straddling Western Asia and Eastern Europe. [138][139] According to Robert Coalson (Radio Free Europe), ESISC is a part of Baku's lobbying efforts to extend the use of front think tanks to shift public opinion. [97] A significant factor restricting population growth is a high level of migration. [148], Azerbaijan is an active member of international coalitions fighting international terrorism. Anfang 1994 wurde der Manat alleinige Landeswährung. Kuwait-Dinar • Nepalesische Rupie • It was established on 10 April 1997.

The State Statistical Committee of the Azerbaijan Republic, The ethnic composition of the population according to the 2009 census. Most coins closely resemble the size and shape of various euro coins.

Pakistanische Rupie •

This form of art is represented by a wide range of handicrafts, such as chasing, jeweler, engraving in metal, carving in wood, stone, and bone, carpet-making, lasing, pattern weaving and printing, knitting and embroidery. [271][272], Azerbaijan has been since ancient times known as a center of a large variety of crafts.

[241] In the Soviet era, literacy and average education levels rose dramatically from their very low starting point, despite two changes in the standard alphabet, from Perso-Arabic script to Latin in the 1920s and from Roman to Cyrillic in the 1930s.

It is one of the founding members of GUAM, the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)[20] and the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons.