On 9 September, vapor emissions increased, pulsing at ~ 5-minute intervals, and accompanied by inky black ash.
During the report period Kerinci mainly produced light-colored, variably dense gas-and-steam plumes that rose 50-600 m. Plumes were occasionally reported to darken and become dense between 29 February and 20 March, possibly indicating ash emission, although no ashfall was reported. | April
Volcanic seismicity registered at Kerinci during 17 July to 24 October 2004. Residents and visitors were advised not to enter an area within 1 km of the summit. Let’s Go Adventure Enjoy your best trip with Kerinci Expedition. Frequent small-to-moderate explosive eruptions have occurred in historical time. White plumes rose to altitudes of 4.3-4.5 km (14,100-14,800 ft) a.s.l. Volcanic earthquakes decreased during 9-15 August, although continuous emission signals were still being recorded and thin white plumes were seen rising 50-300 m above the summit.
This report discusses events through 11 May 2008.
Kerinci is located in the border of the titular Kerinci Regency of Jambi province and South Solok Regency of West Sumatra province, in the west central part of the island near the west coast, and is about 130 km (81 mi) south of Padang. | March
It is sponsored by the, Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the, EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. A small plume rises from the unvegetated summit that has a cone containing a 600-m-wide summit crater over 400 m deep with a crater lake at the bottom. Kerinci is a frequently active volcano in Sumatra, Indonesia. Mai 2019 um 12:39 Uhr bearbeitet. PVMBG reported that during May-8 June 2015 white plumes from Kerinci rose 50-100 m and drifted E. Seismicity was dominated by signals indicating emissions (100-110 per day on average) as well as volcanic earthquakes (1 per day on average). At 0925 the same day a brown, high-pressure plume was observed reaching 700 m above the summit. Activity during December 2019 consisted of white gas-and-steam emissions rising 100-500 m above the summit.
The volcano remained at Alert Level 2 (on a scale of 1-4). Climbers who reached the summit around this time (exact dates not reported, images uploaded 17 January 2016) photographed steam plumes (figure 1) and solid lava flows (figure 2) in the crater. Plumes were visible above the summit and generally drifted E throughout most of the report period (table 1). PVMBG reported that at 1637 on 3 April a brownish ash plume rose 4.3 km above Kerinci’s crater rim and drifted NE, as noted by a ground-based observer.
The volcano remained at Alert Level 2 (on a scale of 1-4). White brown thick plume ~100-500 m above the summit; drifted E. White brown thick medium-high pressure plume 100-500 m above the summit; drifted E. White-brownish medium-high pressure plume 100-500 m above the summit; drifted E. White thick darkish medium-high pressure plume 50-300 m above the summit; drifted E. White thick medium-high pressure plume rose 50-500 m above the summit; drifted E. White thin-thick medium-high pressure plume rose 50-400 m above the summit. The left-hand column shows time intervals; the adjacent four columns indicate the number of earthquakes or maximum tremor amplitudes seen during the time intervals; the right-hand column adds comments about plume heights.
The eruptions in 2016 were separated by five months, so are treated as distinct eruptions. | June
According to a news article, at least five villages were affected late on 2 May, including Tanjung Bungo, Sangir, Sangir Tengah, Sungai Rumpun, and Bendung Air (figures 13 and 14).
The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4), where it has been since September 2007, and PVMBG advised residents and visitors not to enter an area within 3 km of the summit. Information Contacts: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG, also known as Indonesian Center for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation, CVGHM), Jalan Diponegoro 57, Bandung 40122, Indonesia (URL: http://www.vsi.esdm.go.id/); Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC), Bureau of Meteorology, Northern Territory Regional Office, PO Box 40050, Casuarina, NT 0811, Australia (URL: http://www.bom.gov.au/info/vaac/); Bernhard Huber (URL: https://www.flickr.com/photos/97278656@N08/, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/); Luke Mackin (URL: https://www.flickr.com/photos/wildsumatra/, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/); Jakarta Post (URL: http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2013/06/02/mt-kerinci-erupts.html).
of Hawai'i, 2525 Correa Road, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA (URL: http://modis.higp.hawaii.edu/). Activity in the following months did not show any significantly abnormal behavior until 14-18 February 2008, when more voluminous thick white plumes rose ~ 500 m above the crater rim. During 26 November- 2 December seismicity was dominated by 664 small explosion earthquakes. To climb the volcano a guide is needed, as there have been rare cases of people disappearing after attempting to trek alone. As already reported, on 24 July 2004 a thick plume rose to 100-600 m above the crater rim, ash fell ~ 3 km from the crater forming deposits as thick as 1 cm. Kerinci is Indonesia's highest volcano, and one of its most active, and is seen here above tea plantations to the south. | July
White vapor was released from the crater and rose 800 m with occasional small explosions. White thick medium-pressure plume 50-400 m above the summit. Seismic activity was characterized by continuous volcanic tremor and gas emissions.
No ash was visible on satellite imagery. On 2 September a possible ash plume rose to a maximum altitude of 4.9 km and drifted WSW, according to the Darwin VAAC advisory. Averaged 2006?2009 LOS velocity map of the west Sunda volcanic arc, Indonesia, from ALOS InSAR time series, overlaying SRTM V4 DEM. On 9 August a small explosion at Kerinci produced an ash cloud that rose 700 m above the summit.
Climbers may also choose to go up only as far as Camp 2 or 3, skipping the summit attempt, which requires a pre-dawn climb. These earthquakes were continuous during late April to mid-May.
During 3-5 November brown ash plumes rose 100-500 m. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4), and the public was warned to remain outside of the 3-km exclusion zone. Sources: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG, also known as CVGHM); ABC News - Australian Broadcasting Corporation. The volcano remained at Alert Level 2. Ash was not visible on satellite imagery. This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Gray ash rose to 50-600 m above the summit. By the end of September, both the seismic signals and emissions dropped, the latter reaching ~600 m high.
Information Contacts: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG, also known as Indonesian Center for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation, CVGHM), Jalan Diponegoro 57, Bandung 40122, Indonesia (URL: http://www.vsi.esdm.go.id/); Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC), Bureau of Meteorology, Northern Territory Regional Office, PO Box 40050, Casuarina, NT 0811, Australia (URL: http://www.bom.gov.au/info/vaac/); MAGMA Indonesia, Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral (URL: https://magma.vsi.esdm.go.id/); Sentinel Hub Playground (URL: https://www.sentinel-hub.com/explore/sentinel-playground).
During October seismic signals had a maximum amplitude of 7 mm. It is capped by an unvegetated young summit cone that was constructed NE of an older crater remnant. Since a 2004 eruption, Kerinci had been relatively quiet except for ash plumes in September 2007 and ash and steam plumes in February, March, and May 2008 (BGVN 33:05). Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L21311. On 7 June 2019 at 0604 a gray ash emission rose 800 m above the summit, drifting E, according to a ground observer.
The massive 13 x 25 km wide volcano towers 2400-3300 m above surrounding plains and is elongated in a N-S direction. Earthquakes registered at Kerinci during 9 September-27 October 2002. Kerinci is one of the most active volcanoes in Sumatra and has been the source of numerous moderate explosive eruptions since its first recorded eruption in 1838. PVMBG reported that during 19-22 August brown emissions from Kerinci rose as high as 600 m above the summit and drifted W. Pilots reported that during 20-21 August ash plumes rose to 4-4.6 km (13,000-15,000 ft) a.s.l., or 150-770 m above the summit, and drifted NE and SW.
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On 24 March, an ash-and-gas plume rose to an altitude of 4.3 km. Rumbling was heard twice on 6 November by residents of Tangkil and Palempok. The primary source of information for this report comes from Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG, also known as Indonesian Center for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation, CVGHM), the Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC), and MAGMA Indonesia. Although thermal anomalies were not reported during the period, persistent weak SO2 emissions were identified in TROPOMI instrument satellite data multiple times per month (figure 16).
and drifted NW and N. Based on reports from PVMBG and satellite data, the Darwin VAAC reported that on 4 May an ash plume from Kerinci rose to an altitude of 4.3 km (14,000 ft) a.s.l. Eruptive activity stopped briefly during mid-August. Small ash plumes observed in August 2017, April 2018, and June 2018. On 10, 11, and 13 March KVO reported brown ash plumes drifting NE from the summit at about 4.0-4.3 km altitude. --- Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institute
A nearby observation post reported the rumbling of eruptions and ashfall during 19-20 April that extended as much as 8 km from the crater.
No other details were given.
There is no Emissions History data available for Kerinci.
Kerinci is a stratovolcano on the island of Sumatra. Brown ash emissions were observed on 3 and 4 May that rose to 4.6 and 4.1 km altitude and drifted SE. Courtesy VSI.
On 1-2 November, ground observers saw brown ash emissions rising up to 4.3 km drifting ESE.
On 9 September during 0800-1200 small explosions produced ash plumes that rose to 0.5 km above the volcano. Seismic signals and some ash-bearing plumes. Dark ash plumes in late July-early August 2004.
of Hawai'i, 2525 Correa Road, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA (URL: http://modis.higp.hawaii.edu/). No thermal signatures were detected by MODVOLC. Ash was not visible on satellite imagery. . Ash also drifted 1,300 m down the SE flank. Ausgangspunkt für eine Besteigung ist die Straße zwischen Sungaipenuh und Padang. Seismicity was dominated by continuous volcanic tremor and signals indicating gas emissions.