However, we aim to produce national population projections using a mid-2021 population base by around the end of 2022. There is also a relationship between different components of population change. In 2010 and 2011, for example, a series of popular uprisings took hold across North Africa and the Middle East. There has been continued migration from India and Pakistan in the following decades.

You’ve accepted all cookies. But the journey to this point had been punctuated by external events, which the model's view of the world does not capture. Since the 2010s, improvements in life expectancy have been much slower in more deprived areas than in less deprived areas of England and Wales. Variant projections are based on alternative assumptions of fertility, mortality and migration to those used in the principal projection. We track changes over time and calculate future projections based on current trends. Statistics on the population matter. Research has also shown that migrants form an important part of the workforce, including in essential services such as health care.

In the 1970s, there was a rapid fall in the number of births.

2018-based national population projections Bulletin | Released 21 October 2019 The table of contents tool contains links to our full range of data and all related methodological and background information associated with the 2018-based national population projections. The North East is the region with the slowest projected population growth, 2.3% (61,000) by mid-2028. Birth and death rates broadly moved towards each other from the start of the 20th century and by 1977, they had reached the same level. Further information on these changes and on the methodology used to produce the subnational population projections is in the 2018-based methodology report. This includes births and deaths (commonly referred to as natural change) and net migration.

In England and Wales, for example, when comparing births to UK-born mothers only against the deaths of people who were born in the UK, 2018 saw the first natural decrease (more deaths than births) since comparable datasets were first available in 2008 (Figure 12). Working age covers all people aged from 16 up to State Pension age.

These trends are projected forwards and provide a view on how the UK population may look if these assumptions were true. For example, the number of school places or hospitals we will need or how many people might be claiming state pensions.

Deaths registered in England and Wales: 2018 Bulletin | Released 6 August 2019 Registered deaths by age, sex, selected underlying causes of death and the leading causes of death.

This article brings together the main themes of UK demography and draws out the linkages between them. In the longer-term, demographic patterns are increasingly likely to differ from recent trends. Migrants' age, sex and reasons for migration are among the main factors that determine wider demographic impacts. As the population ages, with people living longer than before and surviving other illnesses and diseases, dementia is more likely to occur. Some have suggested that the natural limits of human lifespan may have been reached. The reasons why people migrate can also affect how long they stay. Secondly, we look in more detail at births, deaths and migration; these are the three main pillars underpinning the size and structure of any population.

Decisions to migrate are complex, and a person's decision to move to or from the UK will always be influenced by a range of factors, including work, study and family reasons. The first is to treat prisoners as a special population group and the second is to include improved estimates of internal migration. This measure, the total fertility rate, today stands at 1.7 children per woman. In England as a whole, this is projected to increase from 18.2% to 20.7% of the total population between mid-2018 and mid-2028. In these projections we have incorporated two changes.

Since many people move for education or work reasons, high levels of migration can have a large impact on the age profile of populations. They are the official source of estimated population size in between censuses and inform a wide range of National Statistics.

The East Midlands is projected to be the fastest-growing region, increasing 7% by mid-2028. The population of England is projected to increase by 5.0% over the next 10 years, from 56.0 million in mid-2018 to 58.8 million in mid-2028.

The non-Hispanic black population pyramids grew in all but two states: Illinois and Michigan. Please note, this chart has been corrected to show the correct years of 2016 to 2018.

Marriages in England and Wales: 2016 Bulletin | Released 28 March 2019 Number of marriages that took place in England and Wales analysed by age, sex, previous marital status and civil or religious ceremony. How the world responds to such events will affect the lives of both current and future generations. Migration Statistics Quarterly Report: February 2020 Bulletin | Released 27 February 2020 A summary of the latest official long-term international migration statistics for the UK for the year ending September 2019.

This publication supersedes the 2016-based projections. The populations of all regions within England are projected to grow by mid-2028. When first published, incorrect dates of 2015 to 2017 were shown.

As such, visitors and short-term migrants are excluded.

In future it is intended these will be produced every three years. Also, the average age of all women giving birth has risen from around 27 years of age to just under 31 years of age now.

The projected increase in the number aged in their 70s and 80s in 2043 reflects the higher number of births in the 1960s. Here at the ONS, we measure the size, structure and characteristics of our population. This approach would also apply to our household projections.

Subnational population projections across the UK Article | Released 24 March 2020 Provides a summary of the different methodologies used to produce the subnational population projections across the UK and reflects any changes to the methodology and data sources in the latest projections for each country of the UK.